The Ritner Group

*The Truth is Written All Over Our Faces

Just a hint of surprise

Here are a few indicators that someone is lying.

 

 

DISCLAIMER: WARNING!!! IF YOU WISH TO KNOW HOW IF SOMEONE IS LYING TO YOU, PLEASE PROCEED BELOW. BUT, REMEMBER, ONCE YOU LEARN THIS STUFF, IT DOESN'T EVER LEAVE YOU. IT STAYS WITH YOU FOREVER, AND NO MATTER HOW HARD YOU TRY, YOU WON'T BE ABLE TO FORGET THEM. IF YOU REALLY WANT TO GO THROUGH WITH THIS, PLEASE PROCEED TO READ ON. IF YOU WISH NOT TO KNOW, THEN I HAVE JUST WASTED YOUR TIME BY HAVING YOU READ THIS!! YOU HAVE BEEN WARNED. I AM NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANYTHING THAT HAPPENS TO YOU AFTER YOU READ THIS IF YOU SO DESIRE.

 

There is not ONE expression alone that means someone is lying.  They have to occur in clusters.

 

 

 Slip of the tongue -Emotion specific

Tirades - Emotion specific

 Indirect speech - Verbal line not prepared, negative emotions, most likely fear

Pauses and speech errors - Same as above

Raised voice pitch - Anger and/or fear

Voice pitch lowered - Sadness

 Louder, faster speech - Anger, fear, and/or excitement

Slower, softer speech - Sadness and/or boredom

Emblems - Emotion specific

Illustrators decrease - Boredom, line not prepared, weighing each word

Manipulators increase - Negative emotion

Fast or shallow breathing - Emotion

Sweating - Emotion

Frequent swallowing - Emotion

Micro expressions - Any specific emotions

Squelched expressions - May only show that some emotion was interrupted but not which one

Reliable facial muscles - Fear, sadness, or happiness

Increased blinking - Emotion

Pupil Dilation (getting bigger) - Sexual arousal, emotion

Tears - Sadness, distress, uncontrolled laughter, happiness

Facial reddening - Embarrassment, shame, anger, maybe guilt

Facial blanching - fear or anger

 

 

 

 

 The 7 basic microexpressions: Happiness, sadness, fear, anger, surprise, contempt and disgust.  There are others such as shame, pain, sorrow, and guilt.

 

 

Happiness - reliable facial muscles around eyes, corners of mouth slightly turned up

Sadness - upper eyelids and outer edges of eyebrows will droop.  Lip corners will be slightly pulled down

Anger - lips narrowed and pressed together tightly.  Glaring eyes and eyebrows slanted downwards

Disgust - upper lip raised generally exposing teeth, along with wrinkling of the nose and wrinkles in forehead

Fear - lips stretched horizontally towards ears, lower eyelids tensed and upper lids raised.  Brows raised and pushed together

Surprise - widened eyes and raised brows.  Mouth will be open slightly

Shame - look down to either side.  Also guilt.

Pain - squinting eyes, exposed teeth, raised lower eyelids

Sorrow - raised voice

 

Emblematic Slips:

Emblematic slips, also called a Freudian slip, are expressions that show people's emotions, and they just kinda "slip" out.  An example would be the middle finger in an interview.  The liar may try to conceal it, and somehow the lie catcher will be able to see it.  This expression expresses anger.

 

 

Shrugging of one or both shoulders - Lie

Defying head movements - Lie i.e. saying "yes" but nodding "no"

Pupil constriction then dilation (pupils get smaller then return to normal) - Truth

Hand/finger movements - Lie i.e. rubbing/fidgeting with the hands while telling a story

Fist clench/twitching, middle finger - Anger

Tapping finger - Impatience

Controlled smile - both sides of face rise up and fall

Hiding something (This rule ONLY applies to men) - Itchy nose - Men have reptile cartilage under their noses. 

Hands covering private parts - Feeling vulnerable. i.e. Churchill at Yalta (See image below)

 Clasping and locking hands behind the head when sitting -Indicates that they think they are smarter than the other person

 

 

 Churchill is on the left.  Look at his hat.

 

 

Misc. All the stuff you HAVEN'T learned yet...

 

 

Raised voice pitch (i.e. phone calls) - Smile

Recalling specific details many years later - Lie

Unilateral eyebrow raise - Lie

Small inhale - Lie

Eyes to right - Truth (SOMETIMES)

Eye-shift downward - Lie

Contempt frown - Lie

Controlled smile - Lie

Delayed answer - Lie

Lip-lick - They want to kiss you

Evasion technique/Stonewalling - Hiding something.  i.e. "So what's behind the door?" "Did I show you my new tattoo?"  Evading the question so you don't have to answer it.

Hard swallow - Lie

 Crossing the arms - Defensive posture

 If someone with a higher authority (such as police officers, teachers, principals, etc.) are interrogating the subject, and they ask where something is, wherever they first look is where it is.  i.e. If cops show up to a crime scene and ask the suspect where the gun is, and the suspect looks at their car first, it's somewhere in the car.

 

 

 

*Some expressions are false when the subject is either intoxicated, or has used drugs recently.  Example: Happiness: No tears of happiness, fake smile, etc...

*When people tell the truth, they do not feel the need to recall small details many years later.  Example:  "Oh I think it was cloudy the day it happened."  Recalling the weather condition would be a hint of a lie.  Who cares what the weather was whenever something happened??

*Listen for distancing language: Example: "Mom" and "Mother"

*Duping delight: Some people can't help but have a controlled or "squelched" smile when they know they've deceived someone.